Monday, November 25, 2019
Effective organisation management
Effective organisation management Introduction and Overview Organisational effectiveness is one of the key measures of the success of a business. It entails examining the business in terms of its profitability, productivity, efficiency, adaptive-ness, growth, morale, stability, and ethical conditions. For these conditions to be achieved, it is necessary that the organisation architecture, decision making process leadership and team building activities be carried out effectively.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Effective organisation management specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This research work evaluates the different managerial functions that must be carried out to ensure that the organisation is effectiveness. A detailed analysis of these factors is carried out to determine their importance and what managers should do to ensure that their company is effective. Organisational Architecture Organisational architecture refers to the process th rough which organisations guide and control the business so as to realize their principle qualities such as customer satisfaction. Figure 1 below shows the main elements of the organisation architecture. Figure 3 elements of organisational architecture Organisational Society An organisation is operated under strict guidelines and fixed rules. Furthermore, organisations have a hierarchical rank. This is referred to as bureaucracy. The main characteristics of a bureaucratic organisation are division of labour, technical competence, hierarchy to the authority, meritocracy, rules, formalization and rights of the position. For the organisation to be effective the following factors must be taken into consideration: operations should revolve around the process power must be dispersed the organisation must focus on the customer the organisation must combine both managerial and non managerial functions the company must invest in training and developing employees the company must reward em ployees Organisational structure The organisational structure is the hierarchical arrangement of an organisation. This structure enables effective communication and sharing of duties within the organisation. Organisation structure results to differentiation and integration. Differentiation entails the subdivision of an activity into smaller parts while integration entails to combination of many task to produce a product or service.Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Decision making within the organisation Decision making in an organisation is one of the key elements. Managers make crosscutting decisions that affect the company performance. Management science developed the need for appropriate decision making in an organisation. In 1950 the bounded rationality theory was introduced as alternative to the classical theory. In 1953, the Herbert Simon formalized the behavioural theory (Simon, 1979). Decision making theories Ethical decision making process will entail the use of several principles such as reality principle, value creation, justice, honesty, rational self interest and long term profit (Woiceshyn, 315). Rational decision making process In this category, there are two main theories, these are; the classical and the behavioural theory. The classical theory asserts that the predictive power is got from environment shape while the behavioural theory relies on the knowledge and computational abilities of the human agent (Ibrahim, 631). Rational decision making process is a systematic process that aids in the formulation of a decision (Williams, 89; Ibrahim, 631). This process is sequential and has several steps as outlined below (Lunenburg 3): Problem identification Identifying alternatives Evaluating the different alternatives Selecting the best alternative Implementing the selected alternative Monitoring the decision effectivene ss Limitations of the decision making process The main limitation that affect the decision making process are Limited mental capacities and know how Limited resources Complexities in the organisational environment and emotions (Good Yeganeh,15). Management power For the management to be effective, they must wield some power on their employees. There are several sources of power which managers rely on. These sources of power include: expert power, legitimate power, referent power, reward power and coercive power. Roles of power in an organisation The main purposes of managers excising power in an organisation are Motivation: managers use power to motivate their employees Reward and punish employees: authority allows managers to reward hard working workers and reprimand errant employees Compelling vision: the managers can develop a compelling vision Types of managers The main types of managers are (McClelland, 128):Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Effective organisation management specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Affiliative managers: these managers aspire to be liked that getting the job done Personal power manager: this group focus on getting the job done and donÃ¢â¬â¢t care how employees perceive them. Institutional managers: these are more interested with power more than anything else Tactics used by managers to influence their employees Influence can be defined as the ability to change someone behaviour. Managers use different tactics to influence their employees. Managers must master the ability to influence their employees positively for them to deliver better results as compared to the organisation competitors (Rykrsmith, 1). To do these, managers must develop appropriate tactics. The development of these tactics is influenced by the leader traits, behaviour and the current organisation situation (Holmes, 1). Among the major tactics used by managers include: coalition, exchange, consultation, exchange, pressure, inspirational appeal, legitimating, personal appeal and rational persuasion. Team building within an organisation Team building entails the process through which members of a given organisation are seen as working as a group and not as individuals. The main essence of a team is shared goals, collective work, mutual accountability and assigning teams different roles (Norman-Culp, 2). In a team, the members are all committed into working for a common goal and this brings out efficiency and effectiveness in product and service delivery (Katzenback, Jon and Douglas, 167) A manager must choose and build a team effectively, the main strategies followed when choosing and managing a team are Select members with skills and potential to handle the assigned task The rules and regulation must be clear The group should be trained and new information availed to them The group and its leader should spend time together Hardworking teams should be reward ed (Katzenbach and Smith, 124) Communications within the organisation Communication can be defined as passing of information from one person to another. For managers to be effective in their day to day duties, they must have good communication skills. Communication helps a manager to perform his main duties such as planning, controlling and organising. The main communication documents within the organisation are letters, memos, financial reports and outlines. The main elements of an organisational conversation include intimacy, inclusion, intentionality and interactivity (Stephen et al.,155). Conclusions and recommendations Conclusions In conclusion, there are several factors that affect the effectiveness of a given organisation. These factors include the organisation architecture, leadership, adopted strategies, team building activities, effective communication and appropriate decision making process. The managers must enhance all these skills for them to be effective and for the organisation to grow. Recommendations For an organisation to be effective the following must be doneAdvertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Ensure that the decision making process within the organisation is adequate and managers can be able to make rational decisions Ensure that workers are encouraged to work as a team Ensure that there a good communication channels within the organisation Ensure the managers and employees are well trained Ensure that the company has a good corporate culture which is geared towards employee and customer satisfaction Simon, H. A. Rational Decision Making in Business Organization. American EconomicÃ Review, 69(4), 493-513. (1979). Good, D. and Yeganeh, B. Ã¢â¬Å"Cognitive Agility: Adapting to Real-time Decision Making at WorkÃ¢â¬ . OD Practitioner, 44.2 (2012):13-17. Print. Woiceshyn, Jaana. Ã¢â¬Å"A Model for Ethical Decision Making in Businesss: Reasoning, Intuition, and Rational Moral PrinciplesÃ¢â¬ . Journal of Business Ethics, 104.3. (2011): 311-323. Ibrahim, M. Ã¢â¬Å"Theory of bounded rationalityÃ¢â¬ . Public Management, 91.5. (2009):3-5. Lunenburg, Fred. The Decision Ma king Process. National Forum of EducationalÃ Administration and Supervision Journal 27.4 (2010): n. pag. Web. Radner, R. Costly and bounded rationality in individual and team decision-making. Industrial Corporate Change, 9(4), (2000): 623. Williams, Chuck. Chapter 5: Planning and Decision Making. Mgmt4. Mason, OH:Ã South-Western, 2012. 89-93. Print. Rykrsmith, E. (2011, November 15). Becoming a Better Influencer: 4 Most EffectiveÃ Influence Tactics (Part I) | The Fast Track. Web. McClelland, D. C. (1995). Power Is the Great Motivator. Harvard Business Review,Ã 73(1), p. 125-139. Holmes, S. (2008, September 16). The 5 Most Important Influence Tactics For Leaders.Ã Web. Katzenback, Jon and Douglas Smith. The Discipline of Teams. Harvard Business Review, (1993): 162-171. Katzenbach, Jon and Smith, Douglas. The Wisdom of Teams: Creating the High- Performance Organization, Harper Business, 1993. Print. Stephen Robbins Timothy Judge. Chapter 10: communication. In, Essentials o fÃ Organizational behaviour (2009): 155-157.